Coriander are also known as cilantro: This is a feathery annual plant of the parsley family. You can use the seeds as a spice, while the leaves are known as cilantro and are used as an herb. Coriander seeds have a warm, nutty flavor and are often used in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisine. Cilantro leaves have a fresh and are used in Mexican and Asian cuisine.
Here are some steps to help you grow your own coriander:
- Coriander prefers well-draining soil and full sun, so pick a sunny spot in your garden or on a windowsill.
- Plant the seeds in well-draining soil, about 1/4 inch deep and 1 inch apart.
- Keep the soil consistently moist, but not soggy.
- Thin the seedlings to about 6 inches apart as they grow, to give them space to develop.
- Coriander grows quickly, so be prepared to harvest it within 6-8 weeks of planting.
- Regularly trim the plant to encourage new growth and prevent it from flowering too early.
- Avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and fungal diseases.
- Once the plant flowers, the leaves may become bitter, so harvest them before that happens.
- Harvest the leaves when they are young and tender, and before they start to flower.
- To preserve fresh coriander, you can freeze the leaves by laying them flat on a tray and freezing them, then transferring them to a freezer bag.
- You can also dry the leaves by hanging them in a well-ventilated area until they are crispy, then storing them in an airtight container.
- It’s best to plant coriander in the spring or fall, when temperatures are cooler and there’s less chance of the plant bolting (going to seed too early).