This is a viral infection which can be deadly, especially in high-risk groups.
It is deadly because, they attacks the lungs, nose and throat, young children, older adults, pregnant women and people with chronic disease and people with weak immune systems are at high risk . this attack usually comes with headache, fever, and muscle pain with can reach its peak level in 6 to 12 hours. Cough without production of sputum appears worsening over a few days. A patient that have acute symptoms like hacking cough, fatigue and general weakness for days
Influenza virus belong to orthomyxovirus family, they are single stranded RNA viruses with envelope that are derives from the host membrane. The three major type which are A, B, C, these are based on nucleoprotein antigens can be identified.
The Most important clinically are A and B. Projecting from their envelops are two kinds of glycoprotein spikes hemagglutinin and neuraminidase.
Inhalation of infected droplet.
It can be prevented by using killed Vaccine. Instead of using a whole of virus Vaccine, Split Vaccine that is consist of heamagglutinin can be used. Although, before the disappearance of the new influenza strain, it takes six to nine months before the new one can be available. Thus, Amana dine and the related antiviral medicine such as rimantadine can employed for short time prevention of influenza.